Province: Siem Reap
Area: 10,299sq km
Siem Reap province is located in northwest Cambodia. It is the major tourist hub
in Cambodia, as it is the closest city to the world famous temples of Angkor
(the Angkor temple complex is north of the city). The provincial capital is also
called Siem Reap and is located in the South of the province on the shores of
the Tonle Sap Lake, the greatest sweet water reserve in whole Southeast Asia.
The name of the city literally means “Siamese defeated”, referring to the
victory of the Khmer Empire over the army of the Thai kingdom in the 17th
At the turn of the millennium Siem Reap was a Cambodian provincial town with few
facilities, minor surfaced roads and little in the way of nightlife. Tourism
industry catered largely to hardy backpackers willing to brave the tortuous road
from the Thai border on the tailgate of a local pick-up truck. There were a
couple of large hotels and a handful of budget guesthouses. Tuk-tuks and taxis
were non-existent and the trusty moto-dup was the chosen means of touring the
temples of Angkor.
The proximity of the Angkorian ruins turned Siem Reap into a boomtown in less
than half a decade. Huge, expensive hotels have sprung up everywhere and budget
hotels have mushroomed. Property values have soared to European levels and
tourism has become a vast, lucrative industry. The Siem Reap of today is barely
recognizable from the Siem Reap of the year 2000.
Though some of the town’s previous ramshackle
charm may have been lost the developments of the last few years have brought
livelihoods, if not significant wealth, to a good number of its citizens. This
has been at a cost to the underprivileged people living within and beyond the
town’s limits that now pay inflated prices at the central markets and continue
to survive on poorly paid subsistence farming and fishing. If Cambodia is a
country of contrasts Siem Reap is the embodiment of those contrasts. Despite the
massive shift in its economic fortunes, Siem Reap remains a safe, friendly and
pleasant town. There is an endless choice of places to stay or dine and a host
of possible activities awaiting the visitor.
Source: Ministry of
Tourism of the Kingdom of Cambodia