Tourists in The Hindu Pantheon - P3

The Hindu Pantheon - P3

The Hindu Pantheon - P3


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HTML clipboardShiva
 Shiva contrasts with Vishnu in a number of ways. In the Hindu Trinity, his main cosmological role is as the Destroyer - he brings each kalpa, or world cycle, to an end with his dance of destruction. However, Shiva's force is by no means just a negative one. As in modern physics, Hindu cosmology envisaged the universe has having a cyclical nature. The end of each kalpa brought about by Shiva's dance is also the beginning of the next. Rebirth follows destruction. In the cosmological sense, Shiva's powers are more fundamental than Vishnu's.
 The Khmers worshipped Shiva primarily in the form of a linga - a pillar, usually in stone, derived from a phallus and representing the essence of the god. The linga, mounted in a pedestal representing an equally abstract yoni, or female organ, occupied the shrine of a temple, and, as for any statue, was the focus of rituals conducted by the priests. The other forms in which Shiva was represented were as the 10-armed god dancing the universe to destruction, just mentioned, as the supreme yogi, or ascetic, and riding with his consort Uma on his steed, the bull Nandi.
 The third member of the Trinity, Brahma, despite his designation as the Creator, was less commonly represented in Cambodia. He is worshipped in temples where three shrines were used for the Trinity, one in each, such as at Phnom Krom where he occupies the S shrine. In reliefs he is shown emerging from the lotus that grows out of Vishnu's navel as he sleeps. Brahma is recognizable by his four heads, each facing a cardinal direction.
 He is also the god of the sky and rain, as such bringing prosperity. As the chief of the guardians of the cardinal points, he is associated with the E and is frequently seen on the E lintels. Like all Hindu gods he has a steed, or vahana. In Indra's case, this is the elephant Airavata, normally shown with three heads. Other gods include Ganesha (Shiva's elephant-headed son), Agni (the Vedic god of fire), Kubera (guardian of the N), Surya (Vedic god of the sun), Varuna (god of seas and rivers and guardian of the W) and Yama (god of Death and guardian of the S).
Cambodia Religion
Cambodia Religion - P2
The Hindu Pantheon
The Hindu Pantheon - P2
The Hindu Pantheon - P3